May Day is commemorated all over the world in order to pay tribute to the Martyrs of Chicago who laid down their lives for the acceptance of their demands which included an eight-hour working day and protection of their rights of Freedom of Association against oppressing forces. The working class of Pakistan along with members of the civil society is also commemorating this Day by holding mass rallies and taking out processions in all major cities of the country. The commemoration of Labour Day this year poses special challenges to the newly elected Government and the working class the country how to tackle the rising inflation, aggravating unemployment, object poverty and promoting fundamental rights of the workers in conformity with ILQ Conventions ratified by the Government of Pakistan. After the fall of Soviet Union and heightening of the international financial institutions like World Bank and IMF over the economic and social policies of the developing countries and phase of globalisation of economy and rapid technological development, the threat of new liberalism and free labour market are on rise. In our own country, after the privatisation of Karachi Electric Supply Company, Pakistan Telecommunication Company and Banks, there is not only large retrenchment of the work force, but also denial of the fundamental rights of Freedom of Association and Collective Bargaining of the works which is violation of Industrial Relations Ordinance as well as ILO Conventions Nos.87 and 98 ratified by the Government of Pakistan. For example, no agreement between the workers and the management has been concluding during the last for years in these entities. On the other hand, the Bank workers are forced to work longer hours from 9.00 AM to 9.00 PM without payment of any compensation. Before privatisation, they were used to work from 9.00 AM to 5.00 PM. Similarly, the Provincial Governments of Punjab and Sindh under their Industrial Policies have allowed free hand to the employers that no labour inspection would be carried out by the State in case of violation of statutory labour laws such as health and safety, payment of minimum wages, working hours, social protection laws such as Social Security and Old Age Benefits. The previous Governments instead of becoming a model employer have herself curbed the trade union rights of the workers by imposing restrictions on Freedom of Association in PJA, Banks and Railways, KESCO and other important entities. Despite these circumstances, the organised working class of the country has been making concerted struggle to achieve fundamental rights of the workers and urging the Government to lift the restrictions imposed upon the fundamental rights of the workers in violation of the JLO Conventions ratified by the Government of Pakistan. Resultantly, on assumption of the newly elected Government, the Prime Minister of Pakistan in his first speech on 29th March, 2008 has announced special relief for the workers ensuring that labour laws of the country would be brought in conformity with ILO Conventions ratified by the Government of Pakistan including Industrial Relations Ordinance, 2002 and Section 27-B of Banking Companies Ordinance, the minimum wages of the unskilled workers have been increased from Rs.4600 per month to Rs.6000 per month and a National Commission has been established to promote employment opportunities in the country. However, we urge that the Government should take special measures to curb mounting inflation particularly in case of food items which has rising 22% in recent months and raising wages of the other categories such has semi-skilled, skilled and supervisory workers both in public and private sectors and amend the labour laws as promised. The Government should also get established Independent Labour Inspection machinery so that the statutory labour laws are enforced and workers are not made victim of exploitation by working longer hours and absence of safety and health and social security. At this occasion, we may also remind to the Government that Pakistan has entered into Decent Work Country Programme with ILO which require fulfilment's of the following components: a)    Respect of fundamental rights of the workers. b)    Promotion of employment. c)    Promotion of social dialogue between Government, Employers and Workers both at bipartite and tripartite basis on labour, economic and social policies. d)    Social protection to the workers particularly informal sector who are victim of social exploitation and working in precarious jobs. The working class of Pakistan pledges on this day to continue to make concerted struggle to achieve those objectives through promoting unity among its ranks and to defeat the divisive forces based on parochial, ethnic and religion and defending and promoting social, economic and trade union rights of the workers along with the teeming masses and raising dignity of working class.