ISLAMABAD - A 36 percent decline in suicide attacks was observed in 2014, and militants fighting against state carried out 30 suicide attacks in which 282 people including 189 civilians, 48 security forces personnel, seven pro-government armed Razakars and 38 militants were killed while 562 people including 518 civilians, 39 security forces personnel and five pro-government Razakars were wounded, reveals a report of Conflict Monitoring Center (CMC).

During the year 2014, a remarkable reduction in suicide attacks was observed in Pakistan while civilians remain major victims. Operation Zarb-e-Azb dented capability of militants to carry out suicide attacks frequently.

According to the statistics, 47 suicide attacks were carried out in 2013. Impact of operation Zarb-e-Azb was visible from the fact that 77 percent of the attacks during the year 2014 were carried out before the operation.

Eight suicide attacks were carried out against civilian targets including public places, pilgrims, and schools. The government and security forces installations were targeted in 10 suicide attacks, while three attacks were reported against peace committee members. Army was targeted in at least four suicide attacks during the year 2014, two attacks against police and one each against Rangers and FC were reported.

During the year 2014, KPK remained the most affected province that witnessed 10 suicide attacks in which 48 people were killed and 151 injured. Peshawar remained the most affected district of the country that witnessed seven attacks during the year. Despite having highest number of suicide attacks in the province during 2014, an unprecedented improvement in security situation was also observed in KPK where suicide attacks dropped 54 percent. Operation Zarb-e-Azb played a major role in reduction of suicide attacks in the province as militants could carry out only one suicide attack during the operation Zarb-e-Azb. Average death in the province also dropped from 15 to five per per attack. As many as 338 people were killed and 608 were injured in 22 suicide attacks in 2013.

KPK was followed by Balochistan and Sindh where seven and five suicide attacks were recorded respectively by the CMC during the year. In Balochistan 71 people were killed and 164 were injured in suicide attacks during the year. Number of suicide attacks in Balochistan dropped from ten to seven. In 2013, the province had witnessed 10 suicide attacks in which 192 people had been killed and 526 injured.

All suicide attacks in Sindh were recorded only in Karachi, in which 50 people were killed and 64 injured. Suicide attacks not only slightly increased in Sindh but they were also deadlier than in the previous year. Only 16 people were killed in four suicide attacks in 2013. Security situation in Karachi could not improve much despite a targeted operation by Rangers. Reports indicate increased number of TTP and Al-Qaeda related activities in the Karachi.

Most significant and alarming increase in suicide attacks was observed in Punjab during 2014 as the year saw four times increase in such attacks. During the previous two years, only one suicide attack was observed in each year while in 2014 this number increased to four which is the highest number of suicide attacks during last four years.

At least 10 banned militant outfits were involved in carrying out suicide attacks during the year 2014. Out of 30 suicide attacks, at least 10 were carried out by TTP, three each by Jamat-ul-Ahrar and Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, two by Jundullah and one each by Jaish-ul-Islam, Ansar-ul-Mujahidin, Fedayeen-e-Islam and Mast Gul group. The most lethal and deadliest suicide bombings of the year included TTP bomber attack on security forces vehicle at RA Bazaar in Rawalpindi which had killed 13 and injured 18 people on 20th January. Earlier on 9th January, TTP suicide attacker had killed a Senior Superintendent of Police (Crime Investigation Department) Chaudhry Aslam in Karachi. An LeJ attacker exploded himself up in a bus carrying pilgrims, killed 30 and wounded 32 people in Mastung district of Baluchistan on 21st January.

Outgoing year witnessed peace in Swat

The year 2014 proved much peaceful and prosperous for the valley of Swat as compared to the previous years.

This year no big terror incident occurred except target killing which is still looming large. As many as 14 dwellers were targeted by unidentified people including politicians, peace committee members and other elders in the year 2014.  While security forces and Swat police arrested number of target killers in the same year.   The local people spent 2014 relaxed as compared to the past years. In 2013, dengue took 65 lives and more than 8,000 were affected from the deadly virus in 2014. Due to tireless efforts made by district administration not a single death case was reported in 2014 from dengue fever. As many as 45 prisoners had died in 2014 at Kohat jail due to unidentified illness; all the prisoners belonged to Swat.

During this outgoing year, thousands of tourists visited the region in both winter and summer seasons. The visitors were attracted by the Malam Jabba snow festival and Swat summer festival.

Crime ratio remained low as compared to that of last year. Cultural shows, art exhibitions, poetry and speech competitions were also organized in Swat valley while on the eve of spring season Jashan-e-Baharan event was also conducted.

After Malala Yousafzai’s attack, youth of the valley took admissions in schools, colleges and universities. Gul Makai of Swat valley (Malala Yousafzai) got Nobel peace award.

In the overall review of the year 2014, the experts said the outgoing year was proved much peaceful and prosperous for Swat except development sector which was totally ignored by government concern authorities.