KARACHI- Experts have warned the authorities concerned and the citizens that stagnant rainwater and more rains expected in the city might fuel the breeding of mosquitoes that would cause causing malaria and dengue fever. Malaria is already rising in the city, while fresh cases of dengue fever are also being reported in the City, they said. Following the situation, the Sindh Health Department has taken some measures to cope with any untoward situation.

Talking to TheNation, the expert in mosquito species and Professor at Department of Geography, University of Karachi Prof Dr Jamil Hasan Kazmi said that this is need of the hour to take concrete steps for eradication of mosquitoes in the City, while the removal of stagnant rainwater and pools should be done on war footing steps. Otherwise, malaria and dengue can be spread in the city, he adds.  

“Malaria is caused by plasmodium that is spread from person to person through the bites of infected mosquitoes. It could be transmitted to people of all ages. There are four kinds of human malaria – Plasmodium falciparum (PF), P Vivax (PV), P Malariae, and P Ovale. While, PF and PV are the most common kinds in the country. PF is by far the most deadly type of malaria infection,” he said.

Central leader of PMA Dr Qaisar Sajjad notified to the health department to take some important steps to get control over the spread of the diseases caused by mosquitoes. Cases of dengue fever and malaria are being reported in various areas, he said.  

Sindh Health Department has set up Dengue Ward at Civil Hospital Karachi (CHK) to facilitate the citizens, especially to help poor patients. The ward has more than 40 beds facility with free of cost medical diagnostic facilities. Around six doctors with their paramedical staff look after the patients in the each shift. The ward also has platelet transfusion facility.

According to Provincial Dengue Surveillance Cell, one more case of dengue was reported in the metropolis. As per the report, one new case of dengue fever has taken the total numbers to 169 during the ongoing year. Out of the total cases 168 cases were found positive with the virus. Dr Qutbudin of DUHS said that dengue fever is a severe, flu-like illness that affects infants, young children and adults, but seldom causes death. He advised the citizens to remove water pools causing breeding of mosquitoes, and take preventive measures against dengue fever and malaria.

Quoting a health organisation, he said, “The clinical features of dengue fever vary according to the age of the patient. Infants and young children may have a fever with rash. Older children and adults may have either a mild fever or the classical incapacitating disease with abrupt onset and high fever, severe headache, pain behind the eyes, muscle and joint pains, and rash.”