ISLAMABAD - All his life Maulana Samiul Haq preached and promoted Islam and in later years became popular as ‘father of the Taliban’ – due to his teacher-student ties with the prominent Taliban leaders including Mullah Muhammad Omer.

Maulana Samiul Haq was the head of Darul Uloom Haqqania, Akora Khattak. He served on the post since the death of his father, Maulana Abdul Haq, who founded the madrassah (religious seminary) in 1988. Many leaders of Afghan Taliban, including the movement’s founder Mullah Omer, studied at Darul Uloom Haqqania.The Maulana studied Fiqah (jurisprudence) at Darul Uloom Haqqania. He was also a student of Arabic Literature Logic, Arabic Grammar, Tafseer Quran (Interpretation and Explanation of Holy Quran), Hadith Sharif (Holy sayings of Hazrat Muhammad -Peace Be Upon Him). The assassinated Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (Sami) chief was also enrolled in the Qasamul Uloom Lahore and got a degree in Tafseer from spiritual leader Maulana Ahmed Ali Lahori. He was awarded honorary degrees from Darul Uloom Deoband, India and Jamia Makka Muazzama.

The cleric taught Arabic Literature and Grammar and specialised in the teaching of Hadith and Tafseer. He served as teacher of Hadith and Chancellor Darul Uloom Haqqania, Akora Khattak.

Maulana Samiul Haq was a member of Majlis-Shura - the Parliament – during former military ruler Ziaul Haq’s regime (1983-85). 

In 1985 he was elected unopposed by the Provincial Assembly of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa later becoming a Senator. 

In 1986 he brought Shariat Bill before Senate for the implementation of Islamic Law in the country.

Maulana Samiul Haq was close to the incumbent Prime Minister Imran Khan. The ruling Pakistan Tehrik-e-Insaf formed an alliance with his party before the 2018 general elections.

He formed Mutahida Deeni Mahaz (United Religious Front), an alliance of relatively small religio-political parties, to participate in the general election 2013.

On March 25, 2013, he unveiled the electoral manifesto of the front, pledging that all high offices of the State, including the President, Prime Minister, Chief Justice and chiefs of Armed Forces, will be held only by Sunni Muslim men. It also talked of abolishing co-education and training all adult Muslims for Jehad (holy war).

Maulana Samiul Haq openly promoted the Taliban re-take of Afghanistan. He had stated: “Give them just one year and they will make the whole of Afghanistan happy. The whole of Afghanistan will be with them. Once the Americans leave, all of this will happen within a year. As long as they are there, Afghans will have to fight for their freedom,” Maulana Samiul Haq said: “It’s a war for freedom. It will not stop until outsiders leave.”

In the backdrop of Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan calling polio-vaccination un-Islamic and forcing people to quit vaccinating their children, Maulana Samiul Haq on December 9, 2013, issued a fatwa (decree) in favour of polio vaccination.

The fatwa said: “Vaccination against deadly diseases is helpful in their prevention according to research conducted by renowned medical specialists. It adds that the vaccines used against these diseases are in no way harmful.”

Before becoming the JUI-S chief, Maulana Haq was a part of JUI-Darkhwati and was made its President after Maulana Habibullah Darkhwati’s death. The group later became the JUI-S.

He formed the Difa-e-Pakistan Afghanistan Council after 9/11, which later became the Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal.

The Maulana belonged to the Deobandi school of thought but was soft on the rival Islamic sects. He would never avoid meeting with the members of the other sects but remained committed to his viewpoint.

As the news about his assassination spread, politicians and religious leaders sent messages of condolences. President Arif Alvi, Prime Minister Imran Khan, former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and Opposition Leader Shehbaz Sharif condemned his murder.

The leaders of PPP, Muttahida Qaumi Movement – Senator Rehman Malik, Nayyar Bokhari and Aminul Haq - and other parties also condoled his death. Chief of rival JUI faction Maulana Fazlur Rehman too mourned the death.

JUI-S spokesperson Maulana Yousuf Shah said that the body of Maulana Samiul Haq will be taken to his native town of Akora Khattak for burial.

Shah said that Maulana Samiul Haq will be laid to rest in his ancestral graveyard in his native town.



A life spent to preach, promote Islam