ISLAMABAD - The newly elected PML-N government would have to separate counter-extremism from counter-terrorism in the much-awaited national security police in order to gain maximum output from it.

"If the government, following his predecessors, keeps on intermingling the counter-terrorism and counter-extremism, then national security policy (NSP) would have very minimal impacts as both the terms are of different in nature and need different strategies to tackle," said founder of Pakistan House, a Denmark-based think-tank on international security issues, and a Pakistan-based analyst on security issues and founder Director of Pakistan House, a Denmark-based think tank on international security, Athar Javed, in an interview with The Nation here on Sunday.

He explained that counter-terrorism is more academical and anthropological and if the government mixes both the issues in the policy, it would be a hotchpotch. He proposed that for eradication of extremism, the existing system of seminaries should be improved as a first step but not reformed at all, as it is a misused word.

"The NSP could only be implemented if you have right people and right tools," he viewed. He said that only sharing of information by the federal government with the provinces could not make a difference rather resources and intelligence would have to be shared with one another to get fruitful results.

Talking about the proposed all parties conference (APC) by the PML-N government to formulate a comprehensive policy on national security, Athar Javed suggested that Chairman Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf Imran Khan must participate in it because the elimination of counter-terrorism could not be one party's job.  "This is simply to share the national burden and every political party would have to go beyond its political agenda on this issue," he emphasized and added that they would have to take ownership of this war on terror.

"It is a fantasy that the NSP would solve every problem as it is not a magic but it can solve some problems," he said. The problem of terrorism could only be solved when you would sustain internal pressure and improve inter-institutional cooperation. The Swat operation model could be included in the NPS but there would have to be a political dispensation," he said adding that the political government would have to take responsibility and stand behind military forces to combat terrorism.

About the proposed talks with the militant groups, the Director Pakistan House said that the negotiations should be the last point not the first one. "If you come on the negotiations table, you will give legitimacy to killing of innocent people and at the same time, negotiations give a breathing space to terrorist groups."

He also said that it was very difficult to hold talks with the fragmented groups as there was no centralization in war. "Talks could be held with the major militant group only if they disarm themselves and obey the law of the land," he further said.

Discussing the role of National Counter Terrorism Authority (NACTA), Javed viewed that it should be given its teeth and should have its own striking force and intelligence system.

While talking about the law and order, he said that it is the prime responsibility of provinces after the 18th Amendment, he said amendments should not bring constraints rather these should empower existing structures and not shrink these.

"We can only get the benefit when we would harmonize with one another and there has to be inter-provincial harmony on the law and order situation," he said.

The founder of Pakistan House also said that the matter of attacks and bombing on the offices of country's premier intelligence agency - ISI, like that of recently on its Sukkur office, is very serious in nature as there is no such example in the rest of the world.  "We would have to make good diplomatic relations with the hostile countries to calm down them, as they are funding militant groups here in Pakistan," viewed Athar Javed.