“In foreign policy, courage and success do not stand in a causal relationship; they are identical.” Bismarck

It is often argued that the Indian leadership has, time and again, managed to subdue its Pakistani counterpart. Assessing the political developments at home, numerous reasons regarding this lopsided power-relationship surface.

PML-N had to face a crisis of legitimation as soon as it came into power. With allegations of rigging the general elections, presented through extended demonstrations by PTI and PAT, the ruling party was involved in much more than just governing the nation. The unremitting threat of terrorist activity was another crucial concern, which could only be addressed through joint civil-military effort - a dynamic that probably still haunts PM Nawaz. Noticing these growing domestic concerns, India carefully and consistently began its external transgressions. Regular border violations, proxy offensives through their intelligence agencies, and as it was later discovered, funding a political party. While the sociopolitical situation at home was already disturbed, the Indian engagement added manifold concerns.

Regardless of who is in power, our nation needs courageous leadership. A leadership that stands firm against any and all threats to our sovereignty. While political problems cannot be neutralised overnight, a rearrangement of perception could very well lead to a more confident leadership, and consequently, a better Pakistan.