Clearly, extracting advantage of being an upper riparian state, India has defied the Indus Water Treaty of 1960 that had hitherto provided a sound framework of sharing rivers between both India and Pakistan and is being grossly violated as India is busy constructing dams that may prove detrimental for Pakistan. This news, apparently, has forced the Pakistani authorities to demand intervention from the international community and the UN to act as neutral arbitrators. Various models quoted by experts indicate that sharing of river basins between countries is the rule rather than the exception and that more than 200 river basins are being shared by two or more countries. The Indian regional designs and indifference to the lower riparian states can be further exemplified by the project undertaken by it to build a dam on the Farraka Barrage despite resistance from both Indian experts and Bangladesh. In 1975 India completed the Farakka Barrage about 11 miles from the borders of Bangladesh to divert 40,000 cfs of the Ganges water into another river with the apparent purpose of flushing the accumulated silts from the bed of the river and thereby improving the navigability at the Calcutta Port. The unilateral withdrawal of the Ganges water during the low flow months destroyed Bangladesh's agriculture, navigation, fisheries, forestry and adversely impacted various components of the ecosystem. Where once all the eye could see was the splashing blue waves, now lies parched remnants of the river floor. In this backdrop, it would not be entirely incorrect to infer that a similar state could develop in Pakistan once India is done with its dam constructions that may seriously damage the agricultural industry for good, thus triggering the worst economic disaster in Pakistan. Furthermore, the surplus water during the monsoon season may be used to induce floods in the lower areas that may again pose a colossal disaster considering the checkered past with 3 major wars on the political landscape that may influence the future course ahead. DR SAFA RAHMAN, Islamabad, March 2.