LAHORE - Pakistan needs 18,000 MW electricity at present, but the production from hydel and thermal stations as well as the IPPs is much less than the requirement. Managing Director Pepco Engr Tahir Basharat Cheema has written this in a paper on the subject. Mr Cheema, who is also member of the central council of the Pakistan Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, referred to various factors because of which the power projects were not generating electricity according to their capacity. According to him, power shortages went up mainly because funds were not made available by those in power during 1998-2008 to overhaul the projects or enhance their capacity. The Pepco chief said implementation of the April Energy Conference decisions had helped overcome the crisis to some extent. He said India faced power shortages of 40,000 MW and would not be able to come out of the crisis for at least a decade. But, he said, the situation in Pakistan would improve as a result of the measures proposed by Pepco for energy conservation and enhancement of the capacity of various projects. Mr Cheema said adherence to two weekly offs, ban on decorative lights, and closure of the business centres at 8pm would ease the situation. He said as a result of such measures, the industrial and commercial consumers and agricultural tube-wells would be able to get electricity according to their requirements. He said functioning of supply lines affected by floods in various areas had been restored. He further said various projects were being repaired with the expenditure of $169 million provided by USAID. The step would also raise the production capacity of the said projects, he said.