LONDON (AFP) - Foreign troops must do more to prevent growing rights abuses by Afghan forces including killings and child sex abuse as they prepare to hand over security, a leading charity warned Tuesday. A report by Oxfam titled "No Time to Lose" called for greater checks and balances on Afghan forces before limited US troop withdrawals start in July ahead of a full drawdown expected by the end of 2014. Oxfam said Afghan national police and troops were responsible for at least 10 percent of the 2,777 civilian deaths in Afghanistan in 2010, though the Taliban were to blame for most of the killings. "As international military actors prepare for withdrawal, there are serious concerns regarding the professionalism and accountability of the security forces they will leave behind," said the report entitled "No Time To Lose." "There is a serious risk that unless adequate accountability mechanisms are put in place, violations of human rights and humanitarian law will escalate - and Afghan civilians will pay the price." It said rights groups had also documented abuses including "night raids carried out without adequate precautions to protect civilians, the recruitment and sexual abuse of children, mistreatment during detention, and the killing and abuse of civilians by local police." The report cited cases including security forces helping a soldier escape after killing an Afghan girl and police standing by "laughing and clapping" as women were lashed in public by local elders. President Hamid Karzai announced in March that Afghan security forces will take over security from NATO this summer in the capital of violence-wracked Helmand province and several other areas. It comes 10 years after the US-led invasion that ousted the Taliban regime in the wake of the September 11 attacks in 2001 and is the first step towards the withdrawal of foreign troops in the next three years. But Oxfam said that until 2009 there had been a "striking lack of attention" to developing the quality of Afghanistan's security forces, who currently number around 118,000 police and 159,500 army personnel. The report said there were no effective systems for citizens to lodge a complaint against the police and the army or to receive compensation. It urged Kabul and the international community to properly vet recruits properly, to improve training and to discipline rights abusers. It also urged them to increase the number of women in the force - a rarity in conservative Afghanistan. The question of a security handover has gained extra urgency since the killing of Al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden in Pakistan on May 2, which has prompted some US lawmakers to urge an early pullout from Afghanistan. But the United States and Britain have both said they will stay the course. Meanwhile, the UN Security Council has responded inconsistently to crises in which civilians are at risk, acting in some cases but doing nothing in others, a new Oxfam report said Monday. "In some cases where civilians were under threat, the UNSC acted, whereas in other contexts in did very little or nothing," said the report from the rights group. Certain countries, such as Somalia, Sudan, Ivory Coast and Afghanistan, were on the council's agenda throughout last year and it passed resolutions including some referring to the protection of civilians, it said. But Oxfam listed a string of other countries where they deemed that civilians were under threat, but over which the Security Council failed to take appropriate action. Colombia, where some 280,000 people were displaced due to internal conflict last year, failed to register, and no formal action was taken over the ethnic conflict which killed hundreds in Kyrgyzstan, Oxfam said. India, Thailand, the Philippines and Turkey were not on the council's agenda despite ongoing conflicts, said the Oxfam report, entitled "Protection of Civilians in 2010: Facts, Figures and the UN Security Council's Response." The rights group said the Council's 15 member states were hampered in their decision-making by domestic policy considerations, media pressure and a lack of access to information. "This combination of sometimes competing demands and patchy information too often results in actions that vary greatly between one crisis and another," the report said. It concluded: "Ultimately, the UNSC must adopt a more consistent approach to protecting civilians in armed conflict, regardless of whether countries are on or off the agenda." The Security Council has five permanent members with veto power over resolutions and 10 non-permanent members.