Islamabad- Agriculture sector this year too showed a better growth rate though slight lower than the previous year as according to Economic Survey Report 2012-13, agriculture sector exhibited a growth of 3.3 per cent against 3.5 per cent in 2011-12.  

As per the report crops grew at 3.2 per cent, Livestock 3.7 per cent, Forestry 0.1 per cent and Fishing 0.7 per cent. The agriculture subsector component which includes important crops, other crops, grew by 2.3 per cent and 6.7 per cent, respectively except cotton ginning that declined 2.9 per cent.

Important crops accounted for 25.2 per cent of agricultural value added and has experienced a growth of 2.3 per cent in fiscal year 2012-13 against growth of 7.4 per cent in 2011-12. The lower growth in important crops is attributed to decline in production of rice and cotton by 10.0 per cent and 4.2 per cent respectively.

The survey report stated that during 2012-13 weather condition and water situation had an impact on these Kharif crops that paved the way for decrease in output of rice and cotton crops. Other crops that contributed 12.3 per cent value addition in agriculture witnessed a positive growth of 6.7 per cent in 2012-13 against negative growth of 7.7 per cent during the same period last year.

The cotton ginning under new base 2005-06 has been included in agriculture value addition showed a negative growth of 2.9 percent in 2012-13 against the positive growth of 13.8 percent during the same period last year. The Livestock sector which has a 55.4 per cent share in the agriculture grew by 3.7 per cent in 2012-13.

Pakistan has two crop seasons, “Kharif” being the first sowing season starting from April-June and harvested during October-December. Rice, sugarcane, cotton, maize, moong, mash, bajra and jowar are “Kharif” crops. “Rabi”, the second sowing season, begins as on October-December and is harvested in April-May.

Wheat, gram, lentil (masoor), tobacco, rapeseed, barley and mustard are “Rabi” crops. The crops performance is dependent upon timely availability of irrigation water. During 2012-13, the availability of water as an essential input for Kharif 2012 was 14 percent less than the normal supplies but to compare with Kharif 2011, it was 4.4 percent less.

The water availability during Rabi season 2012-13 was estimated 31.9 MAF, which was 12.4 percent less than the normal availability, but 8.5 percent higher than last year’s Rabi crop.