By accepting the new design of Wullar Barrage, not only has Pakistan given India, in the Secretary-level talks on the subject, permission to build it even though the project had been stopped 23 years ago, but it has also condemned Pakistan to having 1.2 million acres of farmland in Punjab turned into a barren desert. The agreement to the fresh design by India provides for Wullar Barrage not to have any gates, but allows it to store 0.3 million acre feet of water. This must be taken in the context of the Indian plan to dam all the headwaters of the Indus, which flow into Punjab in the shape of the five 'waters which give the province its name. This plan is not just well advanced, but is also in violation of the Indus Basin Waters Treaty (IWT). India wants that treaty revised, and thus any concessions apparently made by it are actually meant towards this end. Though India had long refused any revision, by getting Pakistan to agree, India would manage to construct a structure on Wullar Lake, and thus set a precedent for the entire Indus in the boundaries of Indian-Held Kashmir. Apart from the loss of irrigation water, there would be a loss of power generation capacity in Mangla Dam. In this way, India is making Pakistan an accomplice in the undermining of the IWT. India has never accepted the creation of Pakistan, and has always so acted that Pakistan itself should agree that the partition was a mistake and call for its annulment. One of the most important features that India has shown consistently under all regimes, but especially under Congress, once again heading the New Delhi government, has been its readiness to resile from agreements, no matter how solemnly arrived at. Pakistan need look no further than the IWT to see how India chooses to disregard any agreement when it believes its interests are involved. Pakistan should also look to the original dispute which the IWT was supposed to solve: India barring the waters flowing into Punjab. This was before India carried out any diversion of waters. One of the reasons that India wants to upset the IWT is Pakistans unwillingness to exploit its water resources. This is exemplified by the failure to carry out any work on the Kalabagh Dam project. Pakistan is not just allowing irrigation water flow down to the sea, but it is also not generating hydel power anywhere near its potential. Pakistan must avoid falling further than it has into the Indian trap, and should tell India that Wullar design is unacceptable. Islamabad must also invoke the IWT, and ensure India sticks to it. If that means invoking the arbitration clauses of the treaty, it must do so, along with telling the world that these water disputes would be automatically solved if the Kashmir dispute was solved equitably, by the UN-supervised plebiscite to which India had committed itself to determine the will of the people.