WASHINGTON - The US Army is planning to establish new units to expand its aerial intelligence missions around the world, according to a media report.

The units will be structured like the existing aerial exploitation battalions, which fly fixed-wing aircraft with special equipment that picks up enemies’ signals in war zones, The Hill newspaper reports. The new plan comes amid a proliferation of global threats, with conflicts raging across the Middle East, North Africa and Ukraine.

Two units will be set up at the Hunter Army Airfield in Georgia and Fort Bliss in Texas, where the Army has two aerial exploitation battalions, the report said. Pilots and crews will be supplied from excess forces in the Army’s operational support airlift units, which ferry cargo and troops around the globe, as well as from the National Guard and Army Reserve.

??The demand for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) flights by combatant commanders has historically been high, but the limiting factor has been the number of pilots, the newspaper said, citing Army officials. “There is an incredible demand for the capability and the aircraft,” Col James Lindsay, the Army's director of aviation, said. “But what we wear out very quickly are our pilots.”

The new units would allow the US Army to increase its intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance capability by about 30 percent without increasing the number of airplanes, Lindsay said. The existing aerial exploitation battalions will share their aircraft -- heavily modified C-12 Beechcraft King Air-- with the new associate units.

The new development is emerging as the US intelligence agencies plan to establish a “spy network” in the Arctic amid reports that China and Russia are boosting their military presence in the region.

The majority of the 16 US intelligence agencies have commissioned intelligence experts to study potential threats in Arctic on a full-time basis, according to a report by The Tribune Washington Bureau published on Monday.

The analysts are delving into raw intelligence gathered from a recently overhauled Canadian listening post near the North Pole and a Norwegian surveillance ship called the Marjata. In addition, the experts are also utilizing data from US spy satellites orbiting overhead and Navy sensors deep in the frigid waters.