LAHORE - World Diabetes Day was observed across the country including the City on Sunday. The Day was observed with the slogan, Lets Take Control of Diabetes. Seminars, workshops and walks were organised both by the government agencies and private organisations at major cities to raise awareness about causes of diabetes and preventive measures to reduce risk factor relating to the silent killer. Doctors say unhealthy lifestyle and bad food habit are the main causes of diabetes. World Health Organisation (WHO) and International Diabetes Federation (IDF) introduced World Diabetes Day in 1991 in response to the growing concerns about the escalating health threat that diabetes now poses. It engages millions of people worldwide in diabetes advocacy and awareness. World Diabetes Day is celebrated on November 14 to mark the birthday of Frederick Banting who, along with Charles Best, first conceived the idea, which led to the discovery of insulin in 1922. In Lahore, Punjab Union of Journalists organised a seminar 'Diabetes is a dangerous disease but curable here at Alhamra Arts Council Hall to mark the World Diabetes Day. Dean Children Hospital Dr Tahir Masood, Medical Superintendent Sir Ganga Ram Hospital Dr Ijaz Ahmed Sheikh, former President LCCI Dr Khalid J Ch, Research Incharge Fatima Jinnah Medical College Shamim Ahmed Siddiqui, Dr Iffat Shabbir, Dr Khatoon Akhtar Bano and Dr Saira Bashir addressed the seminar. Stressing upon the government to come forward and facilitate start of research work for effectively combating the disease, the speakers warned that 170 percent increase in diabetes patients was expected in developing countries by 2025 which was more than 75 percent of the patients worldwide. They said that a diabetes patient was at more risk of blindness and weak eyesight as compared to the person carrying any other disease. Global Welfare Organisation organised a seminar 'Diabetes and Our Role in Model Town. Addressing the seminar, the speakers stressed upon the need of raising public awareness about the reasons and hazards of diabetes and benefits of taking preventive measures. Dr Zaffar Iqbal Mian, Dr Saleem Akhtar, Syed Imran Fiaz, Afzal Meo, Ghulam Farid Meer, Akram Mughal, Tahir Siddiuqe, Waseem Ahmed, Esa Nazeeri, Sumaira Gulzar and Asima Warraich addressed the seminar. They said regular physical activity and exercise was best measures to prevent diabetes. They said the rising incidents of diabetes have created an alarming situation across the country, adding presently half a million diabetics were in Pakistan while other six million were also at high risk of developing the disease. According to the speakers, Pakistan was one of the countries having the highest number of diabetics and would be placed 4th in this regard by the year 2025. They however pointed out that urbanization, fast food, depression and unhealthy dietary trends were the causes of rapid increase in diabetes and obesity. They also suggested that fruit and vegetables could cure diabetics. Shalimar Hospital arranged a free medical camp at its OPD the other day where besides consultation patients were provided free Blood Sugar, Cholesterol, Bone Density and Fats tests. Awareness literature and free medicines was also provided to the patients at the camp. Chief executive Shalamar Hospital Dr Rashid Ahmed and Laboratory In-charge Lieutenant Colonel (Retd.) Dr Ghulam Rasul Sial also visited the camp and appreciated the involvement of pharmaceuticals. Diabetes is a chronic disease caused when the pancreas fails to produce the required quantity of insulin or when the body becomes unable to use the insulin in an effective manner. The insulin is a very important hormone regulating sugar rate in blood that could cause harmful damage to the nerves and blood vessels if it rises above natural level. More than 220 million people across the world suffer from diabetes and the WHO expects that the number would increase twofold by the beginning of 2030 unless the required measures are taken to stop it. 80 percent of the worlds deaths in high-income or low-income countries are due to this disease. One out of three people aged 40 years are found to be suffering from pre-diabetes. Diabetes can be controlled if people are aware about their problems. They can reduce complications like heart attack, kidney failure, paralysis and diabetic retinopathy by regular check-up and using a balanced diet. Sixty per cent of the diabetic condition can be prevented while 50 per cent of complications can be reduced with regular check-up, healthy diet and exercise, experts said.