ISLAMABAD  – Chief Justice of Pakistan Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry on Sunday said it was important that the judiciary exercises judicial restraint so that it may not be perceived as excessively encroaching upon the roles and functions of the coordinate branches of the government.Addressing the audience at the concluding session of the International Judicial Conference 2012 here at Supreme Court auditorium, the CJP said the conference had recommended that the judiciary recognises that its primary duty lies in interpreting and implementing laws and not in the governance of society which may come about only as an ancillary effect of its decisions. The chief justice said that considering the role of the judiciary in promoting a culture of tolerance, global judicial stake-holders should work together towards instilling the principles of rule of law in Pakistan.He said that terrorism was a global threat and that international laws should be kept in view while tackling the issue.The chief justice said that Pakistan had been suffering heavy loss of lives and property while facing terrorism for many years. He added that effective legislations were needed to deal with the issue and the rule of law must be ensured at all costs.The CJP considered it as recognised that Pakistan required an objective mechanism to measure its adherence to the rule of law. “Given that the judiciary must operate free from actual or perceived influence it is declared that no other branch of government should be allowed to exercise either direct or indirect control over critical inputs of the courts,” he stressed. He highlighted the fact that the role of judiciary like other organs of the state was crucial in achieving the dream of a peaceful and prosperous life on this planet. Purpose of this international event was to discuss the issues and challenges confronting the system of justice, with the stakeholders and to deliberate over the options in relation to those issues and problems. He said in the modern times, while dispensing justice, the judges had to to deal with complex issues; hence it was, therefore, necessary that they should be fully equipped with sound knowledge, practical experience and training to meet the new and emerging challenges. “It is our belief and endeavour that the fruits of the goals of good governance, transparency and an egalitarian society must reach their beneficiaries, i.e. the masses and they are enabled to lead a peaceful and productive life in a healthy environment,” he stressed. Deliberating over the National Judicial Policy, he informed his august audience that it was formulated by National Judicial (Policymaking) Committee in consultation with the judges, lawyers and professionals of other related agencies in the face of problems faced by the judicial administration of the country. “In order to ensure inexpensive, expeditious justice and to improve the working of judicial sector the National Judicial Policy was introduced to have an independent judiciary, to eradicate corruption and to reduce the backlog at all levels of the judicial hierarchy,” he maintained.“National Judicial Policy has started showing results. The disposal rate of cases both at the superior courts and at the level of district judiciary has seen a marked improvement,” he said.“The Policy was reviewed and reformed from time to time and the members of the bar were consulted and their point of view was also incorporated in the document. In future, further improvements will be brought, taking into account their valuable views and suggestions,” he observed. He also lauded lawyers’ fraternity, for, they had been at forefront in every democratic, legal and constitutional movement, especially during their selfless struggle for independence of judiciary and the restoration of the Constitution, in collaboration with an active media and an informed civil society. The CJP also announced that the working groups of the Conference, having held valuable discussions and deliberations on their respective themes had drawn detailed conclusions and recommendations, starting with the subject of terrorism and money laundering, which constituted grave threat to civilised nations throughout the world. “Pakistani laws as well as Pakistan’s commitments under various international legal obligations dealing with these issues may be brought in conformity with international standards,” he said. It was also declared that all relevant bodies such as law enforcement agencies, prosecutors and presiding officers of the trial courts etc, be provided the necessary training and capacity building in dealing with these offences. It was recommended that since the judiciary recognised its primary duty of interpreting and implementing law, the superior courts should articulate a consistent and clearly defined doctrine of judicial review. It was also stressed that a code of conduct may be devised for judicial officers and also be strictly enforced. It was strongly recommended that the international treaty obligations be fully respected and implemented by the courts; both as a matter of rule of law and to avoid adverse and unintended consequences under the relevant international law regimes.It was also recommended that judicial education should be re-focused on its most important objective i.e. sensitising judges and other associated professionals to the pain of the litigants and instilling in them respect for popular wisdom. In this regard, the judicial academies were stressed to impart to the judges not only the knowledge of substantive laws but also the skills most necessary and commonly used in their judicial work. Other recommendations included the subject of parental child abduction and transnational jurisdiction, environmental law & public interest litigation and gender bias and judicial empathy.  The CJP stressed that the detailed recommendations of each of the eight working groups of this conference would be made part of the final conference report which would be shared with all stakeholders for their information and pursuit as may be.He declared that the conference, in a sense, was a consultative process providing a wonderful platform and a unique opportunity to the prudent and judicious minds of the judicial and legal fraternities to sit together and come up with suggestions and solutions, which should be something close to panacea for all ills and difficulties afflicting the system of administration of justice.Concluding the session, the CJP thanked all relevant officials for making the event a success.