The prestigious Economist magazine of August 20, 2016, states that democracies in Africa have more or less become pseudo-democracies after many of Africa’s worst ‘big men’ were swept away. Mengistu Haile Mariam fled Ethiopia in 1991. Mobutu Sese Seko of Zaire or Congo decamped in 1997; a year later Soni Abacha died in office. Too often it is an illiberal sort of pseudo-democracy in which the incumbent democracies demonise the opposition, exploit the power of the state to stoke the electoral contest in its favour and never accepts constraints on its power.

This is also true for Pakistan. As a result, the two-term rule for heads of government is not preferred as it impedes change. In Pakistan where the Prime Minister rules for the third time – this breeds distrust and corruption that is the experience of the day. Perhaps we should go back to the two-term limit to infuse some stability in politics of the country which has become wayward now.

DR. MUHAMMAD YAQOOB BHATTI,

Lahore, September 24.