MS KHAN - Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif’s address to the United Nations General Assembly on the eve of its 70th anniversary, pleading well Pakistan’s case on various critical issues was not only reflective of the strength of his stance but also a clear message for the superpowers to at least realise their obligatory role in ensuring a durable peace, especially in the conflicts-hit South Asia .

Most part of Sharif’s speech in the international organisation covered the core problem of Kashmir besides Pakistan’s other critical issues, especially with its neighbouring states of India and volatile Afghanistan. PM Nawaz was very much clear in his stance over what factors are constantly hindering the return of peace to the region and the still ineffective role of international organizations, particularly the United Nations, in resolving these conflicts between the South Asian states, in particular, and in the rest of the world, in general.

Pakistan is proud of its historic and current role as a major troop contributor to the UN peacekeeping responsibility. The world community needs to strive for adapting this world organisation so as to effectively respond to the current and emerging challenges that confront us all. This time, Sharif looked more composed when he stressed that the world needs an effective UN Security Council that should be more democratic, representative, accountable and transparent. Pakistan’s services for the world peace, especially from the UN platform, are beyond any doubt.

Unfurling the chapters of the UN history reveals that Pakistan has always been part of the world initiatives for peace in conflict zones across the world. His pursuing the world organisation to realize its responsibilities towards ensuring a lasting peace in the globe through adopting a conflict resolution approach and under the international laws without any prejudice was considered a bold stance at least from a developing state that has set a great vision for itself.

But here arises a big question that hits the nations across the world whether the UN has been able to comply with the rules, the basis of its establishment about 70 years back.

The volatile situation and open-ended conflicts in the post-World War-II had prompted the world leaders to establish a mutually agreed platform (UNO) to resolve the conflicts between the warring states and guarantee a durable world peace.

Very true that the world leaders were on the same page in resolving the multiple controversies among states, but the question whether this world organisation has succeeded in achieving its objectives is still unanswered. As a matter of fact, on the eve of the UN’s 70th anniversary, a long list of inter-states conflicts especially Kashmir, Palestine, Iraq war, Arab-Israel war, states’ claims on natural resources, including water and oil, haunts the world.

Similarly, as is evident from the current situation, Pakistan, too, is confronting a host of issues particularly with its neighbouring nuclear state, India.

The Kashmir issue, conflict over dams’ construction on Indian side by blocking the Pakistani water share and repeated violations of Line of Control as well as Working Boundary are the brazen examples of state terrorism and violations of international laws drafted by the United Nations. Moreover, RAW’s terror activities, especially in Balochistan and Karachi, are the potential evidences of how India conspires to push Pakistan into multiple crises.

As part of his revised diplomacy approach, PM Sharif did meet his British counterpart David Cameron in London en route to New York to attend the UN General Assembly session. He especially discussed with him the issues of India’s LoC firing, its hegemonic attitude in the region and Afghan peace with special reference to the ongoing Zarb-e-Azb. Sharif also held a series of meetings with various world leaders in New York, on the sidelines of the UNGA session, to apprise them of the significance of peace in South Asia . This is quite encouraging that US President Barack Obama mentioned the intensified tension in South Asia with reference to the Pak-India bitter relations and called for constructive approach to resolve their issues through dialogues.

Accepting all that, it looks very strange that the world does acknowledge Pakistan’s positive posture when it comes to developing good neighbourly relations, especially with India and Afghanistan, but the UN looks not so responsive to these critical issues. Though the UN, over six decades back, had approved resolutions on Kashmir giving the self-determination right to the local people, India that itself had moved the world organisation for justice is regularly denying this right.

The unending woes of innocent people in Indian-held Kashmir at the hands of over 700,000 Indian troops in the occupied valley is a brazen denial of human rights and a mockery of the UN sanctity.

Kashmir, controlled by India, has emerged as the worst region of state terrorism, human rights violations, gang rapes, extreme torture at the hands of security forces, forced disappearances of thousands of innocent Kashmiri Muslims and massive killings into custody. According to the fresh data, over 70,000 innocent Kashmiris, including women and children, have fallen prey to the state terrorism in the shape of brutal torture of Indian security forces and extrajudicial killings.

India has always ignored the UN resolutions and continued to breed its expansionist approach in the region. New Delhi’s continued meddling in the affairs of other South Asian states, particularly Nepal and Bhutan, also substantiates its unfulfilled desire to become a regional watchman.

All this puts many questions on the UN role. All superpowers have a potential influence in the Security Council with the veto power. However, none of the superpowers has ever forced New Delhi to honour the UN resolutions on Kashmir.

PM Nawaz Sharif very sanely arrested the opportunity by grabbing the world leaders’ attention when it highlighted the UN Security Council’s ‘actual task’ which is nothing less than ensuring the lasting peace in the world. Taking a major step this time, Pakistan has also presented a dossier on India’s role in terror activities and repeated violations of Line of Control as well as Working Boundary. Will the UN take a harder stance on Pakistan’s dossier, which is for the first time on the part of Islamabad is a million dollars question this time.