LAHORE - Punjab urban transport sector is one of the most important sectors facing extreme challenges due to rapid urbanisation and day by day increasing numbers of private ownership of vehicles. Besides this, all the major cities of the province are facing severe shortages of public transport and thousands of daily commuters life turned into hell due to absences of buses. Rapid increase in transport fares and gas scarcity for already plying motors are other factors adding to their grievances. About 250 to 300 buses are running at city routes against the requirement of 3,000. The situation in Rawalpindi, Gujranwala, Faisalabad and Multan was also worse where thousands of daily public transport users standing at bus stops have to wait the buses for hours to reach their workplaces. Poor and middle class students always reach their schools and colleges late putting their lives in danger by travelling at the buses roofs. Lack of planning by transport authorities, unchecked transporters, over-loading, mix traffic, road safety issues, obsolete traffic laws, inadequate relationship between land-use and transportation and dozens other issues confronting the urban transport sector badly. In this situation, Punjab Government had fixed about Rs 7 billion for overall transport sector while about Rs 4 billion had been allocated for the Yellow Cab scheme. The insiders believe that the scheme would only increase the problems especially for the urban transport sector and might prove the last nail in the coffin of the sector. If the government invested the same amount for public transport facility only in one major city, the problems of the thousands of the people could be solved. A transported said that one thousand new buses could be easily purchased thorough this money and city transport for Faisalabad or Multan would be managed through this investment. The people attached with transport sector believe that about 30 people earn their livelihood from a single bus. So by comparing one thousand buses with Yellow Cabs for 20,000 graduates, the bread and butter of 10,000 more people would run through these buses besides thousands of people would take benefit from these easily available buses. It is worth mentioning here that during PML-Ns last stint in 90s, Yellow cab scheme was introduced for the unemployed youth and Rs 50 billion was borrowed from banks to run the scheme. Thousands of vehicles including luxury cars were also imported and later were exported to earn profit. More vehicles were given to political activists. The loan, which was obtained for the scheme resulted in the default of Allied Bank and Habib Bank and public money was used to save the banks. Cut in customs duties also affected the economy. Local auto industry also suffered due to the imported vehicles and no investment was made in this sector during the next five-years, the insiders said. About 85,000 rickshaws are plying only in Lahore. In this situation the question also arose that whether the more space was available for independent 20,000 private vehicles in the province. In all the advance countries public transport is being encouraged but here the things are other way round. Instead of public welfare, political gains are the priority of our rulers since the creation of the country. Before introducing the scheme, the policy makers must know that whether the poor people of the province would afford the taxies fare when their capacity even to buy daily use commodities has almost minimum. The taxi service in Lahore is almost non-existing; the only factor is affordability at sides, the consumer and server. Many taxi drivers sold their taxies and entered into other business. In this situation, more taxies for graduates make no sense. Especially, in the Yellow Cab scheme, 20,000 graduates would only being involved in the tough criteria of bank instalments. On the other side, due to lack of appropriate urban transport policies, infrastructure development projects have often been provided in thinly populated areas causing inequity in an urban transport system. There is a need for long term policies instead of political sloganeering and the government must introduce the major public welfare projects. The Punjab Government had to address the issues of rapid urbanisation and the associated pressure on urban transport, low levels of urban service delivery, congestion in urban areas, lack of drainage along transportation corridors, parking issues and other which the urban sector is facing.