ISLAMABAD The Supreme Court on Wednesday, rejecting All Pakistan Newspaper Society (APNS) appeals against the Sindh High Court judgment on 7th Wage Board Award, ruled that the Newspaper Employees (Conditions of Service) Act, 1973 [NECOSA] was intra vires the Constitution and would continue to hold the field. The 75-page verdict authored by Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry held: The Newspaper Employees (Conditions of Service) Act, 1973 is intra vires the Constitution. Consequently, the Seventh Wage Board Award dated 25th October 2001 shall hold the field until it is modified or varied by a later decision of the Board published in the manner provided in section 11(2) ibid. Accordingly, we are not inclined to interfere with the impugned judgments of the High Court of Sindh. All the three petitions are dismissed with costs. The court observed that as far as the working journalists or non-working journalists were concerned, they had no reservations against each other although according to the Wage Board Award, the wages of both types of newspaper employees were not at par as was evident from the contents of the Award, therefore the argument raised by the learned counsel for petitioner had not impressed them. The court held that the word 'life is very significant as it covers all facets of human existence. Life includes all such amenities and facilities, which a person born in a free country is entitled to enjoy with dignity, legally and constitutionally. Further, the right to life also includes the right to livelihood. Under Article 3 of the constitution, the state is bound to ensure the elimination of all forms of exploitation and the gradual fulfilment of the fundamental principle, from each according to his ability to each according to his work; therefore, a right person is required to be engaged in the right job and there should not be any exploitation whatsoever. Keeping in view the nature of the task assigned to a Wage Board of fixation of wages is neither judicial/quasi-judicial nor executive/administrative function, but partakes of legislative activity and the Chairman being the delegate of the Federal Government, with the advice and consultation of the members of the newspaper establishments and newspaper employees, gives its decision fixing the wages of different categories of the newspaper employees including working and non-working journalists the court further observed.