UNITED NATIONS - In the wake of terrorist attacks in Paris, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon voiced his deep concern about “misplaced suspicions” about migrants and refugees, especially those who are Muslims, as he announced plans for a summit in March on resettling millions of people who have fled Syria.

“We must be on guard against such distortions and discrimination, which only play into the hands of terrorists trying to sow divisions and fear,” he told a previously scheduled UN General Assembly meeting devoted principally to Syrian asylum-seekers, in which he set out a roadmap to address the root causes and increase funding to manage the flow of refugees and migrants in general. 

“We must respond not by closing doors but by opening our hearts with unity, tolerance, and pluralism and compassion,” he said. “This will foster true security. We cannot cede any ground – legal or moral– in countering violent extremists. The rights to asylum and non-refoulement must be upheld” he said, adding that: ‘In the wake of terrorist attacks, I am deeply concerned about misplaced suspicions about migrants and refugees, especially those who are Muslim.”

The secretary-general stressed that fears about terrorists hiding among refugees only support the argument for a managed approach, in which he laid out five priority areas: addressing root causes; managing large flows; protecting human rights; increasing financing; and adopting a global approach.

“Millions of refugees who have lost everything to violence and oppression want to end those threats more than anyone,” he said. “They can potentially be a major constituency in combating violent extremism. “So can the world’s youth. I must recall that almost half of the 60 million forcibly displaced (worldwide) are children. I repeat my call to empower today’s young peace builders.”

Ban called for a new deal to manage global mobility, built on equitable responsibility sharing, noting that while Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey and all first asylum States have generously supported millions of desperate people - a record 60 million driven from their homes worldwide - having such few countries bear the global burden is simply not sustainable.

More resources and political will are crucial prevention tools, as is addressing poor governance, growing inequalities and human rights violations, including the oppression of women, which are major factors driving people from their homes, he stressed. In tackling large flows and processing their claims for protection and refugee status, criminal networks must be brought to justice. The demand for their services must be curbed by providing shorter and better-managed transits, and more safe and legal paths such as family reunification, student visas, humanitarian visas and private sponsorships, he added.

Noting that the immense needs vastly overwhelm resources, Ban urged Member States to finance all underfunded humanitarian appeals, but warned that such donations should not come at the expense of development aid, which remains essential.

Some 4.2 million Syrians have escaped the country’s nearly five-year civil war to neighboring Lebanon, Turkey, Jordan and Iraq, according to the UN Refugee Agency. Hundreds of thousands of those Syrians have streamed into Europe this year. The secretary-general said the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees would convene a conference in March to win pledges from countries to resettle or help place those who have been displaced due to the Syria conflict.

The U.S. House of Representatives, defying a veto threat by President Barack Obama, overwhelmingly passed Republican-backed legislation on Thursday to suspend Obama’s program to admit 10,000 Syrian refugees in the next year. Some Republicans have said some refugees could be militants bent on attacking the United States, noting reports that at least one Paris attacker may have slipped into Europe among migrants registered in Greece.

“Millions of refugees who have lost everything to violence and oppression want to end those threats more than anyone. They can potentially be a major constituency in combating violent extremism,” Ban said. He said he would also hold a high-level summit on managing large-scale movements of migrants and refugees one day before the annual gathering of world leaders at the United Nations in New York in September.