ISLAMABAD - In the absence of a comprehensive policy and regulatory framework for solid waste management, there is a dire need to build a project to check grave environmental hazards in the country. The enormous increase in the quantum and diversity of waste materials generated by human activity and their harmful effects on the general environment and public health revealed that there is an urgent need to adopting effective methods for disposal of wastes. But unfortunately despite tall claims of authorise concerned regarding development of diverse projects for protecting environment of the country, proper system for management of litters could not be developed. Non-existence of appropriate plan have always forced the inhabitants to look for other alternative options for dumping or disposing of their garbage, therefore they put it at some vacant plots, huge piles of rubbish or burnt it. Heaps of garbage at areas of Sohan, Faizabad, Dhoke Kala Khan, Azhar Town, Awan Town, Iqbal Town, New Shakaryal in Islamabad and Alnoor Colony, Muslim Town, and Khanna Pull in Rawalpindi clearly speaks about failure of authorities. According to officials within the Ministry of Environment, they are contemplating for alternative solution in order to resolve environmental problems being created by solid wastes. "At present a project named Waste-To- Energy is under consideration of the Ministry of Environment, which would not only produce energy in the form of electricity or heat from litter, but would also help in managing tons of garbage of the country", an official source told TheNation on Wednesday. In recent years, waste-to-energy technologies have been developed to produce clean energy through the combustion of municipal solid waste in specially designed power plants equipped with the most modern pollution control equipment to clean emissions. Sources also informed that recently mission of the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has met with high ups of the Environmental agency of the Ministry of Environment, Pakistan Environment Agency (Pak-EPA), and offered technical cooperation for management wastes. In this backdrop the Capital Development Authority (CDA) had finally decided to solve the ever-increasing volume of municipal waste by landfill in groundwater recharge area. The site selected for the landfill project is at Kuri, situated at hardly five kilometres from sector G-5, known as the nucleus of Islamabad. However, the environmental experts and residents of the area were against this decision. According to environmentalists in developed countries, landfills are now bracketed as 'obsolete' and 'mines of the future' after observing several problems like pollution and contamination of groundwater by leachate and residual soil contamination after landfill closure and simple nuisance problems. An Environmentalist, Arshad Abbasi told TheNation that there is an obvious need to minimize the generation of wastes and to reuse and recycle them, and the technologies for recovery of energy from wastes can play a vital role in mitigating the environmental disasters. He said that adoption of modern technology would keep surroundings clean, besides recovery of substantial energy, these technologies can lead to a substantial reduction in the overall waste quantities requiring final disposal, which can be better managed for safe disposal in a controlled manner while meeting the pollution control standards.