Islamabad - Citizens have urged the management of public sector hospitals to properly implement the Directly Observed Treatment

Short-course (DOTS) to help tuberculosis patients.

According to them, the government has allocated sufficient amount to

provide DOTS treatment methodology for treatment of TB patients at hospitals however patients are facing problems due to apathetic attitude of deployed medical staff.

They said there is a need to have extensive plan to provide best medical care to tuberculosis patients at government hospitals. They demanded to deploy trained staff with complete knowledge of DOTS methodology at hospitals.

According to available data, the incidence of TB per 100,000 population in Pakistan is 181, case notification per 100,000 per year is 150 while the treatment success rate is 85 per cent.

Pakistan ranks sixth globally among 22 high tuberculosis burden countries, and contributes 43 per cent of the disease towards the Eastern-Mediterranean region of World Health Organization (WHO).

An estimated one-third of the world’s population is currently infected with TB due to which World Health Organization is working on its plan to cut TB prevalence rates and deaths by half by 2015.

When contacted an official from National TB Control Program said that around 982 microscopy centres have been established across the country to

provide free of cost diagnostic facility to tuberculosis patients.

He said more than 700,000 tuberculosis patients were treated free of

charge while 100 percent coverage of WHO-recommended treatment strategy for detection and cure known as Directly Observed Treatment,Short-course (DOTS) is achieved in the country.

He said external quality assurance for sputum microscopy is implemented in 40 districts of the country while five reference laboratories have been established included one at federal level and one each at provincial level. He said training and health education materials have been developed and all health care providers have been trained.

Dr Wasim Khawaja from Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS) said

that TB is an infectious bacterial disease caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis, which most commonly affects the lungs.

He said the disease is transmitted from person to person via droplets from the throat and lungs of people with the active respiratory disease.

He said in healthy people, infection with mycobacterium tuberculosis often causes no symptoms, since the person’s immune system acts to wall off

the bacteria.

He said the symptoms of active TB of the lung are coughing, sometimes with sputum or blood, chest pains, weakness, weight loss, fever and night sweats. He added tuberculosis is treatable with a six-month course of antibiotics.