“The present Indian cabinet are implacably determined to

do all in their power to prevent the establishment of Dominion

of Pakistan on a firm basis”

–In October 1947, Field Marshal Claude Auchinleck,

to the British Prime Minister Attlee.

To deal effectively with these colossal internal problems and a hostile stronger neighbor the new state required a large army efficient and experience Civil Service. But at the time of independence, Pakistan had no army worth the name or even a civil service. Until December 1947, Pakistan did not have a full time Foreign Minister. Officially, Liaqat Ali Khan held the portfolio of External Affairs, but in practice all papers were put up to Quaid-i-Azam for information or decision. After the creation of Pakistan the moral support given to the Muslim world by the All India League assumed the form of diplomatic support of the Government of Pakistan. The unity of the Muslim states was considered a must for the solution of their problems. Quaid-i-Azam believed that it was only by putting a united front that the Muslim states could “make their voice felt in the councils of the world”. Today, when one looks at the foreign policy of the country, it is clear that we have been making no effort to collaborate or make sure that other Muslim countries support us. India has yet again become one of the tumbling blocks for us- we have once again done nothing about it.