All forms of life depend on water. On Earth, water is important in both chemical and physical weathering processes. In Contemporary times, Water as a natural resource is becoming scarcer in certain places, and its availability has increasingly become a major social and economic concern. The single largest (by volume) freshwater resource suitable for drinking is Lake Baikal in Siberia. In 2007, under the program of the International Water Management Institute in Sri Lanka, an assessment of water management in agriculture was conducted; to see if the world had sufficient water to provide food for its growing population. The report assessed that the level of current availability of water for agriculture purpose was not adequately available for a population of 1.2 billion people where physical water scarcity meant that not enough water is available to meet all demands. The report mapped out locations suffering from water scarcity and estimated that further 1.6 billion people were experiencing economic water scarcity which significantly meant that the lack of investment in water would make it impossible for authourities to satisfy demand for water.

Present environmental trends and food production levels indicate an emergency situation for the future as it will lead to crises in many parts of the world. The farmers would have to find effective ways to increase productivity whereas the cities or industries will have to find ways to use water more efficiently. Fifty years ago, the common perception was that water was an infinite resource. At this time, there were fewer than half the current number of people on the planet. Today, the competition for the fixed amount of water resources is much more intense for there are now nearly seven billion people on the planet and their level of consumption in terms of meat and vegetables is rising, and there is increasing level of competition for water being recorded from consuming forces of industry, urbanisation and bio-fuel crops.

Hydrology is the study of the movement, distribution, and quality of water throughout the Earth. Water is responsible for a large amount of sediment transport that occurs on the surface of the earth and it effects the links between survival, growth and stability of natural habitat. This process forms part as one of the many natural and man-made use of water. Civilisations birth source were the rivers. Nile, Rome, Indus, Mesopotamia, Yellow river aside from the port cities or easy accessibility via water caused the expansion of trade. However, human development has not flourished in places like Africa where water is more scarce, a place where the access to clean drinking water is limited. The most important use of water in agriculture is for irrigation, which is a key component to produce enough food. In future, even more water will be needed to produce food because the Earth's population is forecast to rise to 9 billion by 2050. Self-sufficiency is integral to survival and the positive points to self reformation should be supported and enhanced through the process of prioritising the progressive points of self-determination.

Water politics (hydro-politics) is politics that is effected by the factor of water and water resources. For this reason, water is a strategic resource around the world and is considered an important element in many political conflicts.

Voters at Bernie Sanders campaign, who rallied for Clean Energy claim that Climate change is an existential threat to their families and community. The science is telling us that we don't have any time left for half-measures. Paris Climate resolution under the auspices of UN specifies an agreement pertaining to a collective goal of keeping global warming under 2 degrees Celsius. Political leaders have not seem to have taken on board the necessary plans and actions. Do the politicians side with polluters over family ? It starts with electing leaders who do not invest or take funds from a corporate industry with skewed interest. These fund programs can work out to be the worst National security threat to a people.

In the United States Presidential elections, Bernie Sanders has posed a strong reaction to the supporters of fracking which results in the exhibiting of negative health effects. Leaders need to listen and be realistic to be bold enough to initiate a political revolution through best practices in order to address issues, by further taking into account the concerns of the voters, groups and the community. Concerning climate change, the foremost notion of renewable energy should be prioritised through interactive dealing, which would lead to the development of mechanisms to incorporate a joint action plan within Political frameworks. Basic steps include for politicians include concerns such as: Poor water quality and bad sanitation are deadly for health.

Asia and Africa seem to top the list for least measures taken in conservation of water and natural resources. The leadership is not concerned with the climate change nor the essential elements for human survival. Imran Khan's PTI should be commended for Forest conservation measures. Pakistan has signed the Global Climate change initiative but have the representatives come up with a policy that entails a vision and mission in order to achieve the project goals? Thar malnutrition cases in Pakistan are a smack to the the Political leadership who have invested their money in offshore accounts while the people have to bear the burden of their mismanaged, ill-advised and unplanned policies. Has the Health minister or the Minister for Planning and Development visited Thar aside from the major meetings with the Top leadership or CPEC/Gwadar meetings ? Kalabagh Dam issue has been made controversial for all the wrong reasons.

Recently, Egypt and Saudi Arab have reached deals on multi-billion-dollar investment deals that included a plan to build a bridge over the Red Sea connecting Saudi Arabia and Egypt. Furthermore, Egypt also agreed to demarcate its maritime borders with Saudi Arabia by officially placing two islands in the Straits of Tiran within Saudi territory- against the will of Egyptian people. The course of energy wars in Middle East has precipitated fault lines conflict that will result in Militarisation of the region. Agitation is being fuelled in Egypt on socio-political and economic grounds and, elsewhere in Middle East on sectarian grounds. ISIS onslaught caused fear in the circles concerned within Iraqi administration, as the Mosul Dam on River Tigris fell under the control of terrorists. Hydro-politics is the politics over water and water resources. According to Arun P. Elhance , ''the definition of hydro-politics is the systematic study of conflict and cooperation between states over water resources that transcend international borders". As the international boundaries between the Nation-States are disappearing in this post-modern age ; the dependency factors have increased.

Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Ya'alon revealed that Israel provided written approval to the Egyptian transfer of the Red Sea Islands of Sanafi and Tiran to Saudi Arabia. In Syria, the Russians provided cover for restoration of order and facilitating infrastructure. In Iraq, it is deemed that the Chinese will step up to edge out the negative influences that impeded efforts for Peace and Prosperity. The symbolic value for Israeli ratification over Riyadh-Cairo Water Deal has immense importance for the Dictatorial and oppressive regimes. In contrast, the article 40 of the Oslo II Accords settled Israeli-Palestinian water dispute by ensuring an extra five million cubic meter which was designated as an increase in water supply to Gaza residents. Despite adopting some temporary measures, the supply of water from Israel sharply declined within a couple of months; depicting a disparity of 4000 cm- which ultimately led to conclusion proved that Gaza's infrastructure could hardly cater the minor increase. There is enough water for everyone, states the UN report 2006 but the access is hampered by mismanagement and corruption. High levels of Chloride and Nitrate in the water supplied to Gaza can cause major health illnesses due to Israeli-Egyptian discriminatory policies.

The authors of the 2007 Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture cited water governance as a set of formal and informal processes through which decisions related to water management are made; which marks up as an important factor in eradication of some forms of water scarcity. Water governance is concerned with the knowledge regarding what processes work best in a particular physical and socioeconomic context. Reading Reza Aslan's book, How to Win a Cosmic War, what I understood is that the Nation-States interest has led to water blockage as a tool in order to achieve their own objective where the war of narratives can be developed according to interest, influenced and utilised at will and can be exported to the expense of costs beared by the less powerful in terms of instability, perpetual loss and the loss of lives and property. As Middle Eastern conflagration intensifies around Syria, the warring nations have adopted a conflicting array of narratives that will serve the purpose of aggression and expansion through unjust practices and policy of agitation.

Israel officially withdrew settlers and military forces but has used the power at disposal to alienate any chances of survival among the Gazans. The UNHRC report of July 2015 directs Israel to fulfill her part of obligations to the Palestinian people. On the other hand, the Israeli-Egyptian peace agreement 1979 promises safe passage to Israeli civilian and military ships through the narrow waterways of the Straits of Tiran, which was blockaded by the Egyptians in the past which led to the eruption of 1967 war. The coastal aquifer basin is the only natural extractable points for the Palestinians which is delineated by improper waste water treatment and over-pumping resulting in increased salinity. Egypt has blocked Gaza border and is pumping more sewage and seawater into Rafah.

The case of Gaza water crisis has been termed as an 'arrested development'. EWASH issued a study that concluded that an overhauling of the water status quo is the ultimate solution to Gaza Water crisis, which initially requires $1 Billion as a result of an already dire situation deteriorating and Israeli-Egyptian siege leaving few possible available sources. Camilla Cordin, an advocacy task force coordinator at EWASH, stated that the siege must end and the water sector is in serious need of rehabilitation and development; but the most important step is a 'comprehensive approach by all stakeholders involved: local, international and the Government of Israel- which does not look at Gaza as a single entity.'

Balance for Americans in area between eastern Mediterranean and the Hindukush is divided into three proportions: Israelis and Arabs, Iranians and Iraqis, Indians and Pakistanis. The element of Iran-Iraq factor is in disarray and the vulnerable India-Pakistan factor is near destabilisation. Israelis do not have to concern themselves of Arab reactions. Points of conflagration revolve around water sources i.e. rivers, seas and oceans. The element of Turkey gains significant weight in this scenario. Eastern Europe and Turkey have to reduce dependency on Russia for Gas and Oil. Russia needs access to warm waters through Mediterranean (linked through Black Sea, Crimea) sea and Indian Ocean (Straight of Hormuz and Straits/Bays in the region). America needs to ensure that Turkey does not form an alliance with Iran for domination and division of the Arab world. Turkey has demanded lifting of Israeli siege from Gaza as a condition for total normalisation of relations. Flares of confrontation between Armenia and Azerbaijan in the Nagorno-Karabakh region, an area surrounded by strategic ports and seas, specifies an impending development where the fear of possibility of American intervention programs has led to confrontation between Russia and Turkey, with Iran as an accomplice.

A pattern evolves that reflects a 'redefining of policy,' ultimately leading to an unexpected power shift. This shift can be replicated in model to the 1950s and 1960s revolutions in Syria and Iraq that led them to Soviet camp - causing an American reaction. Turkey was sandwiched between Sovietism at the northern and southern border. Hence; this caused America to rely and align with Israelis on a strategic basis for the first time. There has been no love lost among Americans and Israelis and the unflinching support has become an interestingly unquestionable enterprise as was the American case with Dictator Arabs and Shah of Iran who rose in opposition to the Soviet Union during 1950s and 1960s era. (Hence, Israel managed to capture the effects of Soviet-American cold war. As Soviets emerged against Americans in the Middle East, the nations of Arabs and Persians gave in to the bi-polar superpower warfare; paving way for Israel to continue her policies). In the years ahead, the Israelis will try to take advantage of the new realities on the ground, while the United States, in keeping with its search for strategic and regional balance will try to limit or control or influence Israeli moves.

Lara Friedman, wrote in her op-ed article published in the New York Times, stating:

' Supporters of an Israeli-Palestinian peace, however, have reason to hope that Mr Obama, having achieved nothing by shielding Israel, is now ready to embrace constructive Security council action related to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The two state solution is the only path to preserving Israel's security and its character as a Jewish state and a democracy, while delivering freedom, dignity and sovereignty to Palestinians. We can hope that President Obama may now recognise that preserving this solution for the future is the most important legacy he can leave in this era. '

To achieve this purpose, Pakistan has played an important role by proposing and passing a resolution against illegal settlements and occupation of disputed territories like Golan Heights or East Jerusalem by Israel. According to a report; Russia and Israel are collaborating within the wraps of Diplomatic moves and Diplomatic relations. Russia intends to increase her access from Crimea in Black Sea to Istanbul in Mediterranean Sea; in response to Pro-Israeli NATO. Netanyahu-Putin meeting last week dealt with varying issues from Russian-Israeli understanding on Syria to the possibility of Israeli withdrawal from Golan Heights. It was a strategic meeting with important implications. The problem is not in Israel's position on the future of Golan but in the tactic that was chosen: To put the issue on the agenda in a public and provocative manner before Putins' arrival. There is a connection between the exhibitionist manner with which the government meeting took place in Golan and the subsequent meeting between Netanyahu and Putin; where Netanyahu termed Golan Height on banks of River Jordan (Sea of Galillee)as the 'red line'. Both leaders have met three times since Russian Intervention in Syria. Though, it was decided to block Hezbollah supplies; according to Dmitry Peskov, the Russian position continues to be 'in line' with the 1981 UN Resolution calling for Israel to withdraw its forces from the Golan territory.

De-militarisation of policies and sensitive areas requires a sensible and intelligent leadership to follow path to reformation. A 'Balance of Power' makes Israel secure from Nation-States but the threat within its own territory from the terrorists is to be considered secondary which can cause the regime to act in ways that will cause a major power to focus on Israel. Unless Israel reviews its own view of Palestinians and terrorism, it may tend to find itself isolated at hands of the traditional allies like the United States but from the Israeli point of view, the Palestinian unhappiness or discontentment can be lived with. Though, Arab support for Palestine is largely rhetorical and the Americans would pursue disengagement as a tacit approval for the current imbalance of power.

According to George Friedman, author of The Next Decade, the net effect of an estrangement between Americans and Israelis would be panic among Israel's neighbours. Jerusalem blast on April 18 is an event associated to a string of events. Israel was of great value to US during the Cold War, specifically in the Middle Eastern politics. This was due to the division of Arabs between American-Soviet camp but that the Israelis managed to captialise support and benefits from both camps. The western settlements maybe of National interest to Israel; thus, utilising the blockage of water and supplies as a deterrent to rise of Anti-Settlement activities. However, it is not important or in interest to America but as both are sovereign nations, they get to jointly define the relationship. As Egypt and Jordan have ceased to resist Israel, the United States must ensure that Israel does not have free hand to act in the region. United States will endeavour to move closer to Arab States and draw away from Israel in attempt to restore regional balance of power. Instead of posing an existential threat to Israel, the American stance will pose a moral challenge. Core States in the region like Iran ( Strait of Hormuz and Mediterranean ) and Turkey ( Bosphorus, Black, Crimea, Mediterranean Sea ) will have to collaborate with each other. This development is evident in the recent meeting between Rouhani and Erdogan on sidelines of OIC summit in Ankara where it was decided to strengthen the political dialogue between two countries and minimising differences of opinion to the benefit of both Turkey and Iran. Saudi-Egypt island passage deal strikes a similarity in comparison to common, strategic ground worked by Iran-Turkey.

Water as a source of living must be provided and accessible to all. Contemporary situation in the world requires cooperation and collaboration among friends and foes for the mutual sake of survival. Scientists are attempting to replace Oil by water or other natural energy sources. In terms of value, water is becoming increasingly important in 'war and poverty-stricken' areas around the world - where ISIS controls the Mosul Dam. With the strategic re-alignments; the emerging tri-nation alliance of Pakistan, Russia and China should focus on ways to enhance mutual coordination and cooperation on various matters to induce prosperity, trade and security measures in Eur-Asia. Russia intends to break free from the ring of encirclement and China seeks to edge out western (Pro-Israeli NATO) influence evident in Egypt and elsewhere. This involves defeating extremist narratives; where Pakistan needs to act. Militarisation in regional conflicts potentially spiraling into world war could be result of blockage of water through Rivers in Syria or Iraq. It's important to understand how the Crimean Black Sea episode was a setback to those who wanted to encircle Russia and pose Putin's Russia as an aggressor. Will any efforts to establish 'lasting peace' by United States in terms of two state solution in fact lead to destabilisation of the whole region ?

Accrording to Baylis, Wirtz, Gray and Cohen- the writers of book, Strategy in the contemporary world: 'We have to begin by what's possible.' The conclusion is built on the assumption that Peace is simply the absence of War, not the absence of conflict. Let's go a step ahead and put a realistic stance forward. In order to become a progressive nation-state; Pakistan has to create and sustain a 'coherent reality' using her strategic position as a weapon to achieve multiple aims. It is not and should not be confined to CPEC power. As it is further stated in the book: Maybe we can edge our way forward by improving our techniques of diplomacy, communication, crisis avoidance, and crisis management; by developing a concept of enlightened self-interest which is sensitive to the interests of others; by extending the scope of International Law and building on moral constraints; by learning how to manage military power through responsible civil-military relations and specific measures of arms control; and by strengthening cooperation through International organisations and world trade. These are not spectacular, radical or foolproof solutions to the problems of war. But they are practical steps that offer the possibility at least of reducing its frequency, and perhaps also limiting its destructiveness. That is why practical foreign policy is more akin to weeding than landscape gardening.... Capitulation brings peace but comprises independence, peace, justice and freedom- where crunch may prompt leaders to identify some fundamental values or goals to be worth fighting for... peace would require agreement on whose justice is to prevail. It would require a redistribution of wealth of the world from the haves to the have nots; where the religious movements also tolerate each other. The pursuit of justice may require them to wage war, and the pursuit of peace may require them to put an end to injustice. Downfall of Soviet Union has shifted the Western stance from 'Peace is more important than justice' to ' justice before peace.' This led to upsurge in violence caused by wars of intervention in support of human rights and values. Iraqi leader, Saddam Hussein, was falsely accused of using chemical weapons. Iraqi quagmire reveals how in the interest of peace, it is better for there to be something said for the Realist policy of fighting 'necessary' rather than 'just' wars. Postmodern wars focus on 'identity politics' ;which are conducted with strategic objectives, such as acquisition of control over valuable resources or of the determination of state policy.

Second Nuclear Age has emerged after the Cold war era came to an end. Nuclear devices are most the most potent weapons created by mankind. It is a deterrence in case for and against superpowers, too. Military power cannot evade economics where comparative advantage defines the contours of global paradigm. Though, It can provide 'escalation dominance' to countries like Iran- hence; creation of conventional forces paradigm. Final symmetric response of low-powered enemies to American conventional power is WMDs or terrorism. Cold war lessons suggest that the arms control agreements have had a role to play in contributing to International security. However; Military driven responses have not yet fully integrated into diplomatic initiatives to produce a coherent strategy. Rather, they remain a set of options when other responses have failed. In order to overcome this problem, countries will have to find a sound international 'political logic' within which to base the 'grammar' of operations, which will be the central challenges for proliferation.

Wars occur from combination of intention and error. They are unusually likely when the nature and distribution of power are changing rapidly, as states misconstrue their strength while declining ones strive to hold what they and growing ones to take more. These circumstances are referred to as Mexican Stand-off rule. Resurgence of Russia is a fact. The Middle East is governed by vacuum- not a stalemate. Israel is the military master of the Arab world, and will continue to do so for years to come. Iran, Turkey and Pakistan stand ready for action in the wings after the collapse of Iraq and Afghanistan. Political influence is a better tool of policy than armies. Otherwise, conventional power is great but limited tool of state but the purpose and intended consequences may result in persisting instability as it is played between two limits: WMD's, and terrorism and guerrilla warfare.

In an increasingly globalised and complex world, issues of low politics appear to be not capable of creating conflict, but of exacerbating the effects of political and military disputes. Developing world faces challenges from environmental damage, disease or population growth. While not a security issue per se, demographics and resource issues (labelled as tight energy markets) are interacting with other trends to shape the global security environment and influence strategy. Though, spread of infectious diseases also might play a greater part in the making of strategy and defense policy in the years ahead and, where the environmental damage caused by manufacture, maintenance, and disposal of weaponry is also an issue of concern to strategists. Defining these as engineering, public health or educational problems is far more constructive than somehow trying to resolve them by threat or use of force. Because we have not yet succeeded in banishing armed forces from human affairs, we will have to face many extreme situations.

Counter terrorism operations in the event of 9/11 attacks were based on conventional military power; where it should've been based on almost entirely on Human skills, whether in police detection, intelligence gathering or the occasional special force operations. After Afghanistan, the inattention or indifference of Americans on fulfilling the requirements of the legitimacy of intervention or impact of overthrowing Saddam or the methods utilised to achieve the aims came to the International fore as legitimate questions. The consequences resulted in extreme violence and extreme terrorism. Policy-making lacked the concern of regional affairs in contrast to strategy. You cannot take the best soccer team to win a basketball match. The West needs a re-focused strategy, built around security and jobs, and a democratic alliance between Kabul and Islamabad to win their support.

In conclusion, it is imperative to preserve Human Rights and a movement for Water conservation can serve multi-purpose aim of restoring and ensuring regional and global balance in the long run. Moshe Ya'alon related to the transfer agreement as a 'reopening of military appendix to the peace treaty between Israel-Egypt.' The Islands are to remain under Saudi control for next 25 years which provides Riyadh a direct hand in ensuring the fulfillment of the peace treaty with Israel. The failure of OPEC talks due to the insistence of the de facto leader Saudi Arab to include Iran in the Oil Output deal has cringed the chances of negotiations, which in the past have served purpose of modulation and stability. Saudi Arab has further reacted sternly to the 9/11 Congress Bill in order to initiate a destructive and ferocious reaction based on $750 billion dollar funds, which only helps prove the point that Saudis are not accomplices but Perpetrators and Masterminds. Though, Obama plans to veto the bill.

Today, it is Oil which represents the factor of infrastructure - Communication/Infrastructure, Transport and Industry. Tomorrow, it may be water. Climate change (recent events of Earthquakes and Volcano eruptions) is the most important consequential factor as Man continues to savagely contrive methods of survival that negate the naturally installed functions of resources. Gold equated with the US dollar, as a measure of Oil (transport, industry and infrastructure) serves the purpose and function of transactions. Natural currency is similar and inherently identical in function to water as an element that fulfills the balance among species. Or in a much similar manner we can use our hands to function as cutlery. Religious scholars in authourity like Maulana Shirani are demanding that the Gold Dirham and Silver Dinar be restored. Logically, the means do not prevail. However, are they prepared to receive the income in this manner - for now? It is only after the Panama leaks that Maulana Shirani and the likes of him intend to re-inforce their legitimacy by adopting a stance on rapidly emerging scenario of Electronic money replacing Paper money ?

Resource creation, conservation and utilisation through efficient and effective setup of Education and Human Capital development is the response. Essence of Global leadership is to sustain the liberal international order, without the event of Americas' guiding hand. Change in Middle East requires BRIC-like development among Middle eastern Nations. Economic engagement should go with serious diplomatic engagement in the Middle East by world powers. Growth relieves social pressure and creates upwardly middle classes that tend to champion democracy and engagement with world. Asian leaders who are now the object of our attention are questioning: 'Are you sure you can do this with all that is happening in the Middle East?' The answer is Yes.