Gulshan Rafiq

  • Though border skirmishes between India and Pakistan along Line of Control (LoC) are usual for Kashmiris, they prefer an uneasy peace and normalcy. As a writer who loves drawing attention to human sufferings, I feel impelled to highlight and discourage treachery, disloyalty, unfaithfulness and ...

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  • Iran has recently announced that it would start enriching uranium above a concentration of 3.67% within a few hours after Iran gave a 60-day deadline to the remaining parties to the deal - China, France, Germany, Russia and the UK - to protect it from US sanctions. These five countries plus US had ...

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  • Is the United Nations (UN) effective in international affairs anymore? The general perception is: it is effective when major powers allow it to be effective. However, it depends a lot on how one defines effectiveness. If one defines it the way George Bush defines it; effectiveness is following the ...

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  • In recent years, a considerable amount of debate on India’s nuclear strategy ostensibly suggests that India’s nuclear weapons are inadequate for deterrence; therefore, a qualitative as well as quantitative augmentation in nuclear weapon arsenals is needed for security of India. That is ...

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