Zafar Mahmood

  • In the 25 articles written so far, an attempt was made to cover the important issues pertaining to water management for the current and future generations. It was also mentioned that based on global experiences water issues are best resolved by politicians. In a country like Pakistan, handling of ...

    Read More
  • The supporters of Kalabagh Dam (KBD), especially in Punjab, sincerely believe that KBD is panacea of all problems relating to water availability, flood mitigation, storage capacity and electricity generation. Its opponents consider it extremely harmful. But this controversial project apart, all ...

    Read More
  • In the last 23 articles, the focus was on the experience of other countries in resolving water issues as well as the difference between facts and fictions surrounding Kalabagh Dam (KBD) Project. It was clarified with the help of official record that it is neither feasible to take out any irrigation ...

    Read More
  • Kalabagh Dam (KBD) would not produce as much electricity as claimed- the opponents of KBD claim that WAPDA has falsely shown power generation from the dam to be initially at 2400 MW which was to be ultimately enhanced to the level of 3600 MW. They claim that actually it is 350 MW as reported by ...

    Read More
  • A widely believed perception in regard to Kalabagh Dam (KBD) is that “WAPDA as an employer has influenced the findings of the international consultants.” This accusation, which not only challenges the credibility of experts and consultants but also of WAPDA is based on the opinion of ...

    Read More
  • Another fiction that enjoys easy acceptability amongst the water experts who oppose Kalabagh Dam (KBD) and are not engineers by training, is based on a far-fetched conspiracy theory, outlined as follows: “The de-silting of Tarbela reservoir is possible at very low cost but it is being allowed ...

    Read More
  • PART-18 Another fiction surrounding the debate on Kalabagh Dam (KBD) project is that every year 35 MAF Indus River water is allowed to be wasted into the Sea. “Lies, damned lies and statistics”, is the phrase describing the use of statistics to prove a point. In almost all writings ...

    Read More
  • The Kalabagh Dam (KBD) planners were oblivious to the needs of ecology beyond the Kotri Barrage-another fiction which is widely believed in the lower Sindh, one that pertains to the adverse impact of KBD on the ecology beyond Kotri Barrage. It is claimed that KBD planners were oblivious and ...

    Read More
  • Sailaba (riverain) lands in Sindh would not be irrigated after Kalabagh Dam (KBD) is built, although it has justified claim of water on the basis of history spread over thousands of years. The sailaba area is irrigated by floods in Indus. Water in the high flow season, lasting from May/June to ...

    Read More
  • Kalabagh Dam (KBD) is unnecessary because excess water for storage is not available-an argument vociferously put forward by some writers negates the accepted principles of water management. It is claimed that provinces are not getting even their due share as agreed in Water Apportionment Accord ...

    Read More
  • A large cultivable area of Southern Punjab located between Indus and Jhelum rivers did not benefit from the waters of mighty Indus flowing through it. There was no irrigation network for the farmers of South Punjab. Under the British Government, when canals were constructed to irrigate upper plains ...

    Read More
  • Another fiction in regard to Indus Water Treaty (IWT) is that it was engineered by Punjab to deprive Sindh of its waters. While going through writings on Kalabagh Dam I was astonished to come across some articles in which the authors believe that Punjabis, living on the Eastern and Western divide, ...

    Read More
  • It is perceived by a large section of public opinion in Sindh that One Unit was created to deprive Sindh of its Water Rights by removing the Province from negotiations with India on Indus Water Treaty.Although this perception is not directly related to Kalabagh Dam Project, I have included it to ...

    Read More
  • Some of the ardent supporters of Kalabagh Dam Project treat Sindh’s opposition to it as a sudden and abrupt action. This is a fiction which has contributed in making this project controversial. It is unfortunate that most of the writers who passionately advocate the construction of this ...

    Read More
  • In India, sensing the need to resolve the future water disputes among different states, the Union government was given the powers vide Article 262 of the Indian Constitution to constitute a judicial forum (tribunal) to resolve such issues. Article 262 states; 1) Parliament may by law provide for ...

    Read More
  • The Treaty of Peace 1994 Israel, Jordan and Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) – Cooperation between enemies This treaty is a very revealing example that water issues can be sorted out between countries that are enemy states. The Jordan River flows among five riparians who have gone into ...

    Read More
  • If we have to look for a shining example of the spirit of cooperation among nations to resolve their disputes and commonly manage a river basin, Danube River would be my choice. Crossing through ten countries, its 2,780 km course is spread from Germany’s Black Forest to the Black Sea. The ...

    Read More
  • What encouraged me to search for the elusive consensus on KBD Project was the research conducted by Ms. Sjomander Magnusson, Director Trans-boundary Water Management of Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI). She takes into account all water disputes, inter-state or intra-state and ...

    Read More
  • World over water storage and irrigation projects are no strangers to controversies - but difference of opinion surrounding Kalabagh Dam (KBD) Project has some unique aspects. This project, practically in a comatose state for the last quarter century, has ironically become a living symbol of our ...

    Read More