Masud Ahmad Khan

  • The Radcliffe Commission on the direction of Mount­batten gave the Muslim majority tehsil Gurdaspur which was contiguous to Pakistan to India. Ac­cording to Alastair Lamb in his book “Incomplete Parti­tion”, the key to accession of Jammu and Kashmir lay through the Gurdaspur ...

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  • Today, countries are signing pacts and treaties for security, political and economic gools. The world powers like the US, Russia and China are making alliances to contain each other. It is a game of national interest for every country, for instance the US is pressurizing the Arab countries and ...

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  • Taiwan remained a Dutch Colony from 1624 and 1661. Later it came under the administrative control of China’s Qing dynasty and became a province of the dynasty. In 1894, Japan and China went to war and Japan occupied the Pescadores Islands of Taiwan. On April 17, 1895 in the Treaty of Shimonoseki, ...

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  • The North-South trade corridor was conceived during a conference on transport in Saint Petersburg on September 12, 2000. An agreement in this regard was signed by India, Russia and Iran. In 2005 Azerbaijan became a member followed by Belarus, Bulgaria, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Oman, ...

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  • Islamic history is full of stories of brave generals who made great contributions to the glory of Islam. One such general was Salahuddin Ayubi who leads the list because his superior leadership did not only compensate for numerical inferiority and weapons, but also inspired troops to perform ...

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  • The foundation of Muslim rule in India was laid down by Shahabuddin Ghori in 1193 for the next 800 years. Muslim Sufi saints preached in India and millions converted to Islam which alarmed the Hindu population and gave birth to their nationalist movement. This development led to the creation of ...

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  • Islands in the Indo-Pacific region are in the news due to the Chinese foreign minister’s visit. Let us understand the importance of Indo-Pacific region, South China Sea and Islands of Indo-Pacific region. The region comprises of the Indian Ocean, the Western and Central Pacific Ocean, Seas and ...

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  • The early death of Quaid-i-Azam and the assassination of the first prime minister Liaqat Ali Khan, led Pakistan to political instability. There were no political forces from among the masses as the assemblies were dominated by feudals and industrialists. Pakistan Army was the only important ...

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  • India seeks to damage Pakistan as it has not reconciled with the partition of the sub-continent. Therefore, it is busy in hatching conspiracies to destabilise Pakistan through all means available, including its proxies. Besides using terror outfits, India has subjected Pakistan to fifth generation ...

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  • In the past, several movies have been made based on narratives that depict the supremacy of one race by downgrading the other. ‘The Birth of a Nation’ was released in 1915 and it sparked violence against black people across the US. The Nazis released the ‘Triumph of Will’ in 1935 which is ...

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  • Yemen borders with Saudi Arabia in the North, Oman to the North-East and shares maritime borders with Eritrea, Djibouti and Somalia. Yemen is important for the flow of oil since it is located next to the Strait of Hormuz and the Bab-el-Mandab which control access to the Suez Canal. It has been in ...

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  • India has a long history of violating Pakistan’s air space. On April 10, 1959, an Indian Air Force (IAF) Canberra aircraft on a photo reconnaissance mission in Pakistan was shot down by the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) somewhere near Gujrat. On August 19, 1999, a Pakistan navy Atlantic plane was shot ...

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  • The Chechens are in the news again for fighting alongside the Russian army in Ukraine. Chechnya is located the South-East of Russia in the Northern Caucasus. It borders Georgia to the South, the Ingushetia Republic to the West, the Dagestan republic to the North East and Stavropol Krai to the ...

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  • The location of Gilgit-Baltistan is strategically important as it shares a border the Wakhan Corridor, the Xingjian region of China, IIOJK and Chitral. The region covers an area of 72,000 square kilometers and its population is over 1.5 million. On March 16, 1846, the state of Jammu and Kashmir was ...

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  • Ever since independence, India has remained busy with conspiracies and has always been hurling threats at Pakistan. Its objective is to destabilise Pakistan by supporting terrorists and fueling insurgency in Balochistan and IIOJK. In 2014, Indian National Security Advisor Doval visited Iraq to ...

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  • The region of Gilgit-Baltistan is a treasure of mesmerising myths and legends including stories of Shamans, witches, fairies and demons. These fascinating folk tales have been passed down from one generation to the next. In this article, I shall talk of the legend of Shri Badat, also known as ...

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  • After the liberation of Gilgit-Baltistan, the region was accessible by air (flights subject to weather) and by road through the Babusar Valley Road crossing over the Babusar Top (13700 feet) to Chilas and Gilgit. Chilas was occupied by the British after a fierce battle in 1893 and its position on ...

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  • The national security of a state has been defined as the ability of a state to cater for the protection and defence of its citizens. According to Kim Holmes, former US diplomat, the modern concept of national security arose in the 17th century during the 30 years’ war in Europe and the civil ...

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  • The main task of an intelligence organisation is to look into the future, study the signs and symptoms and predict an impending event. An enemy can be beaten by its own weakness. The wisest course therefore lies in pinpointing the enemy’s faults and weaknesses and capitalising on them. Sun ...

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  • It is said that the Chinese first used missiles in the 13 century. Germans used V-2 rockets during WW2, while bombing London with a range of 320 kilometers. The Gulf war started with Tomahawk cruise missiles attacks and out of 300 missiles fired, 85% got their targets with accuracy. Iraq responded ...

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  • Balochistan constitutes 43.6% of the total area of Pakistan. It is bounded in the West by Iran and North by Afghanistan. In the East are the provinces of Sindh, Punjab and to the North East, KP. In the South it has a 760 kilometers-long coast line along the Arabian Sea. The administration of the ...

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  • Iran was one of the first countries to recognise Israel in 1948 and the second Muslim country after Turkey. During the rule of the Shah, Iran had close diplomatic relations and direct flights to Israel. The spread of Pan-Arabism also brought the two countries closer as both countries considered it ...

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  • Ladakh in IIOJK is in the news again, this time not because of the Chinese PLA but because natives have demanded statehood and autonomy from the BJP-RSS led government. Historically, Ladakh was a part of Tibet and ruled by Tibetan kings and Chinese. Muslim Sufi saints preached Islam there and ...

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  • Enemies have subjected Pakistan to Hybrid and Fifth-Generation Warfare through which they have exploited its vulnerabilities. The main strategy being utilised is political, conventional, non-conventional and propaganda related altogether, with the ultimate aim of destabilising Pakistan. In the ...

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  • The Wing Commander, Abhinandan, who was captured on February 27, 2019, after his MIG-21 was shot down by the PAF has been awarded India’s third highest award—Vir Chakra—which is awarded for acts of gallantry in the presence of the enemy. Abhinandan was also promoted to the rank of ...

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  • It was Muhammad Bin Qasim who entered Sindh in 712 AD and Arab traders also brought Islam to the West coast of India. Mahmood Ghaznavi was the one who paved the way for Islam in India. It was Muhammad Ghori who setup first Islamic dynasty through his slaves and Qutbuddin was the first ruler. It was ...

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  • Tripura is an Indian state in North East India which is encircled from three sides, the North, South and West by Bangladesh, Assam and Mizoram. The state shares an 856 kilometers border with Bangladesh. Agartala, one of the largest cities in North East India, is the capital of the state. It is ...

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  • During the 1962 war, all of Arunachal Pradesh (South Tibet) was occupied by the Chinese PLA which came down to Tezpur in Assam as well. In Ladakh, the Chinese army also occupied 38,000 square kilometers of area in the Aksai Chin region. Ladakh is strategically important to China because of its ...

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  • In 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was formed and in December 1991, the Soviet Union finally broke into 14 republics. On December 25, 1991 the Soviet flag was lowered from Kremlin for the last time. Ukraine was the first state, with Belarus, that broke away and today, it is again ...

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  • A false-flag operation is when a country carries out a covert operation and blames the enemy country. India has a history of false flag operations to malign and damage Pakistan. The first such operation was undertaken by the hijacking of an Indian Fokker plane (Ganga) from India to Lahore in 1971. ...

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